What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a serious issue that can lead to tooth loss and other complications related to oral health or overall well-being. At Periodontal Consultants of Cherry Hill, we specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of periodontal disease. We also believe in the power of education—enabling our patients to understand the symptoms, stages, and risks of the condition, so they can be better prepared to identify and address it.
Read below to learn more about periodontal disease and contact our Cherry Hill, NJ office today to schedule an appointment for the specialized care you need.
Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the most commonly experienced symptoms include:
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Receding gums or teeth that appear longer
- Persistent bad breath or taste in the mouth
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Changes in your bite
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to schedule an appointment with our practice as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that live in the dental plaque that forms on the teeth. When plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. The bacteria in tartar can then infect the gums, leading to inflammation and damage to the tissues and bones that support your teeth.
In addition to poor oral hygiene, other factors can increase your risk of developing periodontal disease—including smoking, hormonal changes in women, certain medications, and systemic diseases such as diabetes.
Stages of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease can be divided into three stages:
- Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of periodontal disease and is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can usually be reversed with proper brushing and flossing, along with regular dental cleanings.
- Periodontitis: As the disease progresses, the gums can begin to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets where bacteria can accumulate. This can lead to bone loss and damage to the ligaments that attach the teeth to the bone. As the pockets deepen and there is further bone loss, teeth may begin to feel loose or shift, and spaces may appear between the teeth.
- Advanced periodontitis: This is the most severe form of periodontal disease and is characterized by significant bone loss and extensive deterioration of the structures that support the teeth. Teeth may become very loose to the point of falling out or requiring extraction.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of periodontal disease, it is important to schedule an appointment with our team as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further damage and improve the long-term health of your teeth and gums. Call today!